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Volume 19, Issue 4  (2010)

B.V. Toshev
Intelligence and Literacy

Full text: PDF (146 K)

Letters to the Editor:
Z. Garova
To Enhance Pupils' Interest to Chemistry by Discussing of a Preliminary Read Book

Full text: PDF (118 K)

Curriculum Matters:
E. Boiadjieva, M. Kirova, A. Tafrova-Grigorova
Achievements in Chemistry of Students (10. Grade) from Different Types of Secondary Schools

Full text: PDF (389 K)

Teaching Efficiency:
A. Ilieva, D. Dimova
Use of Students Portfolio in Teaching and Learning Chemistry

Full text: PDF (212 K)

I. Emilov
Application of the Constructivist Approach in Teaching and Learning Chemistry

Full text: PDF (162 K)

B.V. Toshev
Mendeleev and the Periodic Table

Full text: PDF (188 K)

Chemistry & History of Chemistry: An Online Supplement:
J.C. Carriazo
Inquiry-Based Experiment on the Synthesis of K3[Fe(C2O4)3].3H2O

Full text: PDF (103 K)

V. Jagannadham
Kinetic Experiments in the Undergraduate Chemistry Laboratory - Mistakes and Measures: Acid Catalyzed Hydrolysis of Methyl Acetate as an Example

Full text: PDF (69 K)

A.K. Nayak
Thermodynamic Study of the Diclofenac Sodium Solubility in Various Oils

Full text: PDF (238 K)


Khimiya, Volume 19, Issue 4(2010)

Khimiya. 19, 243- (2010) Author(s): B.V. Toshev:

Abstract.The intelligence is an inherent property of all beings. Only the human beings have a language. The information must be obtained and exchanged by the language. The successful man (in life and work) should transform more and more information. Only a school could make the man to be educated. The paper considers a great number of related questions: intelligence (what does it mean), literacy (what does it mean), education, contemporary school, the influence of ICT (information and communication technologies) on the modern man. Some problems of the educational reforms in Bulgaria are discussed as well.

Keywords: intelligence, literacy, schooling, ICT


Khimiya. 19, 262- (2010) Author(s): E. Boiadjieva, M. Kirova, A. Tafrova-Grigorova:

Abstract.National educational content standards are supposed to provide an equality of the school education for the different types of schools. The present study aims at the evaluation of the 10th grade student achievements of the State educational requirements in Chemistry and Environment school subject according to the type of the school. 1009 10th grade students attending four types of Bulgarian secondary schools: bilingual, natural-mathematical sciences, vocational and general participate in this study. The achievements are measured by a test, which is focused on the intended outcomes as they described in the statutory content standards. The results reveal a significant difference between specialized schools of foreign languages and natural-mathematical sciences, on the one hand, and vocational and general schools, on the other hand. These findings are in accordance with those of recent international studies, such as PISA. Similar studies in other school subjects would be of benefit to develop clear and rigorous content core standards and to serve as ? hallmark of the standards-based reform in Bulgaria.

Keywords: secondary education, chemistry education, educational standards, stanrd-based approach


Khimiya. 19, 279- (2010) Author(s): A. Ilieva, D. Dimova:

Abstract.The article shares authors experience in using student portfolio as a part of the school (National Natural Sciences and Mathematics School in Sofia) system for control and evaluation pupils achievements in the subject of Chemistry and Environment. The special topic considered is the solutions of electrolytes. The article presents also the basic instructive materials being a part of the final product.

Keywords: students' portfolio, solutions, electrolytes


Khimiya. 19, 291- (2010) Author(s): I. Emilov:

Abstract.A research has been conducted on the influence of application of constructivist approach in teaching chemistry on students from 10th grade and more specifically the strategy of Slavin (2005). The author uses this strategy to teach lesson for assimilation of the concept isomerism, as well as for development of positive attitude of learners to chemistry as a subject. In the research are included 27 students from two classes (science profile and social science profile), to whom the subject Chemistry and environmental protection is taught in English by the same teacher.

Keywords: chemistry teaching, constructivism, Slavin's strategy, isomerism, students' attitude to chemistry


Khimiya. 19, 305- (2010) Author(s): I. Kuleff:

Abstract.This article describes of the synthesis of copernicium projectiles and targets, and some of the expected chemical properties of it in accordance with the similarity of copernicium to the mercury. In the paper is presented shortly the scientific base of existing of the so called island of stability. The author also discusses why the mankind needs of investigations for synthesis of superheavy elements trying to find the end of the periodic system of chemical elements.

Keywords: discovery of element 112, copernicium


Khimiya. 19, 315- (2010) Author(s): B.V. Toshev:

Abstract.The recent book by Eric R. Scerri deals with the history and development of Mendeleevs periodic table. The book consists of 10 chapters. The first five chapters analyze the classical view on the periodicity of the chemical elements. A separate chapter concerns Mendeleev alone with carefully chosen important (some unknown) biographical details. The remaining five chapters describe the modern point of view on the periodicity of the chemical elements: radioactivity, isotopy, elements transmutation, quantum mechanical interpretation of the chemical elements periodicity and even the possible projections to astrophysics are amongst the topics considered in this part of the book. The Periodic Table" is an excellent book which could be used both by the professional chemists and chemistry students as well.

In Bulgaria Mendeleev and Lomonosov are most popular among Russian scientists. However, books and articles about Mendeleev, published in Bulgaria, most are rather propaganda, than science or history of science. So Scerris book could successfully fill this gap. The present review is a good reason to mention the only Bulgarian scientific article on the periodic law (Balarew, 1950). The review also gives more information about the rearrangement of the Bulgarian chemical school literature on the basis of the periodic law in the late nineteenth-century. Finally, Russian sources from 1907 are used to give an idea about the appreciation of Mendeleevs work in the then Russian society.

Keywords: Mendeleev, Scerri, periodic table


Khimiya. 19, E103- (2010) Author(s): J.C. Carriazo:

Abstract.In the present paper inquiry-based learning strategy applied to the
laboratory work (inquiry-based labs) was used to synthesize and characterize the
potassium ferrioxalate complex. The implemented educational strategy showed to be an excellent methodology to develop experimental activities of inorganic chemistry. In this work the synthesized compound was identified and characterized by infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, magnetic susceptibility and photosensitivity under UV/Vis irradiation. The experimental procedures were explored and implemented by the students, under orientation and inspection of the teacher. The students showed their abilities to formulate scientific questions and hypotheses, search scientific literature and write and discuss scientific results, which constitutes an excellent exercise about the experimental science construction.

Keywords: chemical education, inquiry-based experiment, synthesis of inorganic compounds, potassium ferrooxalate


Khimiya. 19, E113- (2010) Author(s): V. Jagannadham:

Abstract.Kinetic study of acid catalyzed hydrolysis of methyl acetate is described
in detail for undergraduate laboratory students. Identification and rectification
of frequently encountered mistakes in this experiment are discussed.

Keywords: kinetics, hydrolysis of methyl acetate, first order reaction


Khimiya. 19, E121- (2010) Author(s): A.K. Nayak:

Abstract.Diclofenac sodium is sodium salt of [o-(2,6-dichloro aniline) phenyl] acetate and is a potent non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). In the present
communication, the thermodynamic study of diclofenac sodium solubilization in various oils like olive oil, castor oil, arachis oil, sunflower oil, soybean oil and liquid paraffin was investigated. Diclofenac sodium was found to have the increasing solubility and partition coefficient with the temperature rise in various oils used in this investigation. The maximum solubility and partition coefficient were found in case of castor oil, while these were minimum in case of liquid paraffin at various temperatures. Diclofenac sodium solubilization in all these oils, used in this investigation was found to be endothermic process. The valuable data obtained from this investigation can be utilized for designing and development of various oil based formulations of diclofenac sodium.

Keywords: diclofenac sodium, solubilization, partition coefficient, thermodynamics


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